Prediabetes is a warning sign that you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. This means that the sugar level in your blood is higher than it should be. Most people with type 2 diabetes initially had prediabetes. The good news is that lifestyle changes can help you get back to normal your blood sugar and avoid or delay the development of diabetes.
Prediabetes occurs when the body does not respond properly to the hormone insulin and therefore can not maintain blood glucose (sugar) at a normal level. At the same time, the blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not enough to establish a diagnosis of diabetes. If not treated, eventually the condition may worsen and lead to the development of type 2 diabetes and other serious complications, such as heart disease and large blood vessels, stroke, vision impairment, nervous system diseases and kidney problems. home buy generic metformin online
Symptoms of prediabetes, of course, are manifested against the background of elevated blood sugar levels. To determine if you have prediabetes and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, a blood test for glucose is usually done after you have not eaten for 8 hours at night. In some cases, an oral glucose tolerance test may be performed. To do this, your blood sugar level will be measured on an empty stomach and then 2 hours after you drink a special solution of glucose.
If the results of blood glucose tests are at the level shown below, you have prediabetes, and you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus: The fasting glucose level is more than 110 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dl) or greater than 6, 1 mmol / l. When conducting an oral glucose tolerance test, less than or equal to 140 and more than 200 mg / dL (less than / equal to 7.8 and greater than 11.1 mmol / l) - 2 hours after the start of the test.
Such phrases as "mild diabetes", "borderline diabetes" or "blood sugar level is slightly elevated" are inaccurate. If you hear these phrases, ask if your blood sugar level is within which you can diagnose prediabetes or diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association recommends screening for pre-diabetes, which can lead to type 2 diabetes if you have the following pre-diabetes symptoms:
Have an overweight body, and you are over 45 years old - pass the test for prediabetes during the next visit to the doctor.
Have a normal weight and you are 45 years old or more - during a visit to the doctor, ask your doctor if there is a need for a survey.
Younger than 45 years old and have excess body weight - your body mass index (BMI) is 25 or higher - and you have one or more other risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes, for example:
High blood pressure, above 140/90 millimeters of mercury. Low level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) and high - triglycerides. Family history of type 2 diabetes.
People whose parents, brothers or sisters suffered pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, the risk of developing the disease is higher than in adults, in whose families there is no history of diabetes.
Postponed gestational diabetes or the birth of a child weighing more than 4 kg. Women who have suffered gestational diabetes, or those who have given birth to a larger than normal child, have a risk of developing type 2 diabetes at a later stage of life.
Racial and ethnicity. Afro-, Hispanic, Asiatic and Pacific Islanders have a higher probability of developing type 2 diabetes than those of the Caucasoid race.
You are overweight, you do not exercise (or perform a small amount) and want to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
The Working Group on Prevention (USPSTF) recommends testing people whose blood pressure is higher than 135/80.
If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, then you will play a key role in its treatment, and you will have the opportunity to reverse this condition or delay the progression of type 2 diabetes. Weight loss, adherence to a healthy diet and regular exercise - all these measures are very effective in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes, and also reduce your risk of developing other complications such as coronary heart disease or stroke. This may sound simple, but they are very important for your overall health, and for preventing the development of diabetes.
In some cases, in addition to diet and exercise, your doctor may prescribe medication. But recent studies have shown promising results in preventing diabetes by just following a diet and doing exercise. One major study in the United States (the Diabetes Prevention Program) found that these lifestyle changes were more effective in reducing the risk of developing diabetes than taking medication:Those who lost a little weight (5-10% of the total body weight) and exercised, reduced their risk level by 58%. Those who took medicines lowered their risk level by 31%.
Perform moderate exercise at least 30 minutes a day for at least 5 days a week. Moderate activity is equivalent to walking in the fresh air, cycling at a speed of 10-12 miles per hour, sailing or throwing a ball into the basket. With this kind of activity, you can note that your heart is beating faster.
Engage in energetic exercise for at least 20 minutes a day. They are equivalent to jogging, cycling at 12 mph, skiing or playing basketball. Doing such exercises, you will note that your breathing becomes faster, and your heart beats much faster.
Doing several activities for 10 minutes or more during the day, you will be able to follow the recommendations above. You can choose for yourself either one or both types of exercises. Exercises help you control your blood sugar by using glucose as an energy source during and after exercise. They also help you better respond to the action of insulin and reduce your risk of developing diabetes.
In addition, physical activity helps you maintain a healthy weight; Reduce high cholesterol; To raise the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) or "good cholesterol"; Reduce high blood pressure. These benefits also help prevent the development of heart disease and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease). You can further reduce your risk of developing diabetes by engaging in longer periods of time during each session.
Classes can consist of a moderate walk or more vigorous exercise, such as jogging, running, cycling or playing tennis. The study also showed that other activities, such as gardening or raking snow, can also have a positive effect. Discuss with your doctor a safe exercise program plan.
If you have prediabetes, then the probability of developing cardiovascular diseases is higher than those who have a normal blood glucose level. Lowering your cholesterol to the recommended level and keeping your blood pressure below 130/85 millimeters of mercury, you can reduce the risk of developing heart disease and large blood vessels.
By maintaining a healthy diet and regularly exercising, you can maintain your blood pressure and cholesterol level within the recommended levels.