How dangerous menopause in women? This question is quite difficult, and the answer depends on the individual characteristics of the female body. Despite the enormous changes that occur in the body during this period, it is believed that under normal circumstances it does not pose a high risk to health. However, life in menopause there can be different, and better prepare for these natural changes in the female body. Problems during menopause do not develop into disease, if a woman is ready for testing. It is better if a woman will know in advance how to prepare for the climax.
Menopause is a period of extinction of reproductive function with a sharp decrease in the level of sex hormones as a result of age-related changes in the body. The main feature of this period - the first violation of regularity, and then complete cessation of menstruation conjugated estrogens medroxyprogesterone. Normally, this process occurs when a woman turns 48-52 years old, but age can vary greatly depending on the characteristics and condition of the body.
What you need to know about menopause? Keep in mind that menopause is not a disease or pathology. This is a natural physiological process of aging, and stopping the reproductive capacity, the body prevents excessive load. At the same time sexual life goes on in its entirety, although there may be some problems psychological and physiological nature.
How is menopause? Female menopause begins to age-related changes in the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus, which in the brain control the production of sex hormones. The ovaries are no longer fully ensured estrogen, while male hormones (androgens) continue to be produced in the previous volumes. The result is an imbalance of androgen and testosterone on the one hand and on the other hand estrogen. One indicator of this hormonal imbalance - fast weight gain.
Menopause can be divided into the following stages of menopause: perimenopause, menopause and postmenopause. Perimenopause - this is the stage prior to the cessation of the menstrual cycle. The average age of its onset starts when a woman reaches 46,5-47,5 years, and can last up to 5-6 years. It is characterized by a reduction in production of female sex hormones, the cessation of ovulation. One of the first changes - reducing the generation progestogens that leads to disruption of the menstrual cycle: the reduction or, on the contrary, increased menstruation at an elongation cycle.
Gradually manifest the characteristic symptoms: thickening of the uterine wall and seal; increase in breast size; the appearance of wrinkles on the vaginal walls and increase allocation of cervical mucus; menstruation may acquire the character of bleeding. It appears risk of developing fibroids.
Menopause is the cessation of menstruation. Menopause and Menopause is often presented as synonyms, because it is the termination of menses is considered the main sign of menopause. The average age of women when menopause occurs, is around 51-52 years. Thus menopause may occur in other age period. Provided early menopause (before age 40) and late menopause and menopause - after 56 years. For the period of cessation of the menstrual cycle is influenced by such causes: genetic predisposition, life conditions (household and industrial), food, climatic conditions, availability of unhealthy habits (smoking and alcohol lead to early maturity), an inactive lifestyle, nervous and physical activities, a variety of diseases. The main diagnostic indicator of menopause - a sharp increase in the level of follicle stimulating hormone.
Postmenopause Menopause occurs at the end, ie after the complete cessation of the menstrual cycle, and continues throughout life. The ovaries in women shrink, decrease in size and stop producing hormones. Significant changes occur in the body at an early stage postmenopausal (1.5-2 years), then the condition is stabilized. The following symptoms might appear: loss of pubic hair, decreased tone vaginal walls, flattening of the vaginal vault, reducing the size of the uterine cavity, decrease mucus production in the cervical canal, mammary glandular tissue gradually transformed into fat.
Female menopause normally occurs at age 49 with a deviation in one direction or another for 3-4 years. As noted by a number of reasons, the timing can significantly move. When does menopause? The active phase lasts about 8-10 years, but its duration depends on the individual characteristics of the female body. Postmenopausal menopause lasts a lifetime.
Symptoms of menopause is a highly individual character associated with estrogen receptor sensitivity. Harbingers of future menopause can be detected long before the beginning of perimenopause, which, in principle, makes it possible to prepare the woman: important prevention, diet and other measures that will facilitate the transfer of menopause. Previous symptoms are detected at the age of 35-42 years in the form of endometriosis, problems with conception, menstrual irregularities.
Status at menopause in women is significantly different in emotional and psychological sphere. The most important feature: asthenic-neurotic syndrome, manifested in excessive irritability, tearfulness, anxiety and inexplicable fear, intolerance of certain smells and sounds. Another symptom may be a depression that does not respond to treatment. Often these mental disorders lead to abnormal behavior and sudden, provocative actions (extravagant hairstyles, clothes).