What is the prostate.Located below the bladder, next to the rectum organ of the male reproductive system is called the prostate. Usually the size of a walnut, this gland helps to create sperm and regulates the movement of spermatozoa during ejaculation. Prostate is an iron that plays a key role in the reproductive functions of a man. Since the prostate is closely surrounded by other organs, any enlargement or inflammation of the prostate can cause all sorts of problems with the urinary tract. When this gland becomes enlarged, it can prevent urine from flowing through the urethra. This sometimes worsens the function of male reproductive organs. Erectile dysfunction may occur.
There are similar signs in many different types of prostate diseases. The effect of frequent urination, soreness with urination, ejaculation are some of the common symptoms of these diseases. Intermittent flow of urine, pain in the pelvic region, back are also common symptoms of all these diseases. The appearance of blood in the sperm, urine can talk about the development of prostate hyperplasia or cancer of this male organ. Some men notice one or more of these symptoms and go to the doctor. Others believe that they will never have reason to do so.what does tamoxifen do
When men reach middle age, a gradual increase in prostate size usually begins. Therefore, there is a possibility of problems with this important body. The doctor can diagnose problems with the prostate. It is important for a man to be as honest as possible about any signs he is experiencing.Despite the small size, prostate diseases can cause big trouble. Diseases of the prostate are divided into three main categories:
BPH. Otherwise it is called benign hyperplasia. This is the most common male disease. This disease affects about six out of every 10 male individuals 40-59 years of age. When men become older, this disease can become more problematic.Prostatitis. This is inflammation or infection of the prostate. The disease affects men in young, middle and older age.Prostate cancer is a very serious disease.
Prostatitis. The main symptom of prostatitis is chronic pelvic pain. It can have an inflammatory or non-inflammatory etiology. In the second case, bacteria are not present as causative agents of the disease. Therefore, antibiotics can not help. Anti-inflammatory drugs or alpha-blockers can only help relieve the discomfort caused by this form of prostatitis.
Acute bacterial prostatitis is less often diagnosed in men. Patients suffer agonizing pain, which is often accompanied by chills, nausea, fever and vomiting. This disease can be cured with antimicrobials (antibiotics) for about six weeks. If adequate treatment of acute disease is not carried out, the phenomena of chronic bacterial prostatitis develop.
Sometimes the symptoms of chronic bacterial prostatitis look unusual. They manifest themselves, then disappear, seemingly without reason. And then they reappear. Doctors can use antimicrobials for a long period of time to treat this disease. But even using antibiotics, it is not always possible to cure this disease completely. Therefore, relapses of this disease are possible in the future. In order not to develop chronic prostatitis, it is necessary to treat the acute stage of prostatitis in a timely manner.
Sometimes doctors in the body of a man detect antibodies, which indicate the development of asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. Doctors can find this disease in the course of performing a biopsy or searching for causes of infertility. This form of prostatitis shows no symptoms. Treatment of this disease is not required.
The most common diagnosis in men after sixty is prostatic hyperplasia (prostate adenoma). The man has an enlarged prostate. Increasing in size, it puts pressure on the bladder and urethra, causing considerable discomfort. To track the dynamics of the development of the disease, the method of dynamic observation is applied. After diagnosis, the doctor prescribes medications to reduce swelling, thermotherapy and surgery to remove the prostate. Benign diseases cause discomfort. But they are not dangerous to life. They can often be treated with medication or surgery. The main malignant (cancer) disease of the prostate gland is adenocarcinoma of the prostate gland, or prostate cancer.
According to medical statistics, cases of prostate cancer are slowly increasing compared to other cancers. Prostate cancer is the second deadliest form of cancer among men in the world. But this disease is well treatable, especially if diagnosed at the earliest stages. Annual rectal examinations may be effective for early detection of this disease. Methods of treatment in this case are observation, surgical methods and radiation therapy.
Prostate cancer is not the cause of erectile dysfunction. But some treatments for this type of cancer can cause erectile dysfunction. Scientists do not know what causes prostate cancer. So far, his reasons have not been found. There are no correct ways to prevent this disease. Nevertheless, certain risk factors that are associated with prostate cancer are:
Age. A strong risk factor for the onset of prostate cancer is the age of the man. In fact, the risk of prostate cancer grows rapidly in men over 50 years of age.
Genetic predisposition. Studies show that predisposition to the disease can be inherited. But genetic testing is not yet available to all men for the detection of these genes. More research is needed before testing a man for the detection of this gene can be used to predict the risks for this disease.
Diet. The diet can become a risk factor for cancer. Men who eat red meat in large quantities have a higher risk than those who eat fruits and vegetables.
Weight of a man. Men with more weight have a higher risk of getting prostate cancer. Lifestyle. Scientists have carefully studied the possibility of influencing the male's wrong lifestyle for the onset of prostate cancer. The goal of the study was to find out if a right lifestyle can reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer.
Symptoms associated with erectile dysfunction are likely to appear in men diagnosed with prostate cancer, although in some cases erectile dysfunction appears in other diseases. Erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve or maintain the erection necessary for sexual activity. Hormonal therapy usually leads to a decrease in interest in sexual activity.